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How Did RF3 Agree Those Rebreather Safety Points?

Rebreather Forum 3, RF3, rebreather, Simon Mitchell, Gavin Anthony, Tom Mount, Neal Pollock, consensus statements, rebreather checklists, Rosemary E Lunn, Roz Lunn, The Underwater Marketing Company, AAUS, PADI, DAN, diving,
This is not one of the most riveting photos you will ever see. But it is a darn important one. It was taken during Rebreather Forum 3 – an international safety symposium held three years ago this week in Orlando. The event was hosted by the AAUS, DAN and PADI.

Pictured here is Gavin Anthony, speaking during the final session of RF3. Gavin is a much respected technical expert in diving technology, systems, safety and operations, and he provided valuable input into the consensus statements.

The two hour discussion session was chaired by Dr Simon Mitchell who achieved positive consensus on 16 safety points from the rebreather communities. How did it all happen? You can watch this historic session via this link.

What were the 16 safety points agreed?

REBREATHER FORUM 3 CONSENSUS STATEMENTS

CHECKLISTS:
The forum acknowledged the overwhelming evidence demonstrating the efficacy of checklists in preventing errors in parallel fields that share similar technical complexity. Two recommendations regarding checklists were consequently agreed:

1. CHECKLISTS
The forum recommends that rebreather manufacturers produce carefully designed checklists, which may be written and / or electronic, for use in the pre-dive preparation  (unit assembly and immediate pre-dive) and post-dive management of their rebreathers.

– Written checklists should be provided in a weatherproof or waterproof form.

– The current version of these checklists annotated with the most recent revision date should be published on the manufacturer’s website

2. CHECKLISTS
The forum recommends that training agencies and their instructors embrace the crucial leadership role in fostering a safety culture in which the use of checklists by rebreather divers becomes second nature.

TRAINING AND OPERATIONS:

1. TRAINING AND OPERATIONS
The forum applauds and endorses the release of pooled data describing numbers of rebreather certifications by training agencies, and encourages other agencies to join ANDI, IANTD, and TDI in this initiative

2. TRAINING AND OPERATIONS
The forum endorses the concept of making minimum rebreather training standards available in the public arena.

3. TRAINING AND OPERATIONS
The forum endorses the concept of a currency requirement for rebreather instructors. We recommend that training agencies give consideration to currency standards in respect of diving activity, class numbers, and unit specificity for their instructors.

4. TRAINING AND OPERATIONS
The forum recognizes and endorses the industry and training agency initiative to characterize “recreational” and “technical” streams of sport rebreather diver training. These groups will have different operational, training and equipment needs.

ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION

1. ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION
The forum recommends that training agencies provide rebreather divers  with a simple list of instructions that will mitigate common errors in evidence preservation after a serious incident or rebreather fatality.

– These instructions will be developed under the auspices of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Diving Committee in consultation with the relevant RF3 presenters.

2. ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION
The forum endorses the concept of a widely notified centralized “on-call” consultation service to help investigators in avoiding errors or omissions in the early stages of a rebreather accident investigation, and to facilitate referral to expert investigative services.

3. ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION
The forum recommends that in investigating a rebreather fatality the principal accident investigator invite the manufacturer of the incident rebreather (or other relevant equipment) to assist with its evaluation (including the crucial task of data download) as early as is practicable.

4. ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION
The forum endorses the DAN worldwide initiative to provide a means of on-line incident reporting with subsequent analysis and publication of incident root causes.

DESIGN AND TESTING

1. DESIGN AND TESTING
The forum recommends that all rebreathers incorporate data logging systems which record functional parameters relevant to the particular unit and dive data, and which allow download of these data. Diagnostic reconstruction of dives with as many relevant parameters as possible is the goal of this initiative.

– Footnote: An ideal goal would be to incorporate redundancy in data logging systems, and as much as practical, to standardize the data to be collected

2. DESIGN AND TESTING
The forum endorses the need for third party pre-market testing to establish that rebreathers are fit for purpose. Results of a uniform suite of practically important unmanned testing parameters such as canister duration, and work of breathing (qualified by clear statements of experimental parameters) should be reported publicly. Ideally, this testing should be to an internationally recognized standard.

3. DESIGN AND TESTING
The forum acknowledges recent survey data indicating a poor understanding of rebreather operational limits in relation to depth and carbon dioxide scrubber duration among trained users, and therefore recommends:

1. that training organizations emphasize these parameters in training courses.

2. that manufacturers display these parameters in places of prominence in device documentation and on websites.

4. DESIGN AND TESTING
The forum strongly endorses industry initiatives to improve oxygen measurement technologies, and advocates consideration of potentially beneficial emerging strategies such as dynamic validation of cell readings and alternatives to galvanic fuel cells.

5. DESIGN AND TESTING
The forum identifies as a research question the issue of whether a mouthpiece retaining strap would provide protection of the airway in an unconscious rebreather diver.

6. DESIGN AND TESTING
The forum identifies as a research question the efficacy of a full face masks for use with sport rebreathers.

Categories: Rebreather Forum 3

Be RoSPA CCR Aware

Rebreather Forum 3, RF3, Rosemary E Lunn, Roz Lunn, Rosemary Lunn, The Underwater Marketing Company, Simon Mitchell, Neal Pollock, Drew Richardson, Karl Shreeves, Mark Caney, Michael Menduno, Richard Pyle, Peter Denoble, DAN, PADI, AAUS, Richard Vann, rebreather safety, ANDI, IANTD, TDI, rebreather, training, diver training, rebreather market,  diving certification, Betts, Carney, Dituri, diver certification numbers, market analysis, diving data, total number of diving certs, international association of technical dives, technical diving international

In 2011 RoSPA (The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents) was asked to promote the safe use of rebreathers. To this end RoSPA worked with a number of rebreather industry experts to identify key safety issues.

The result was a film that gives divers and those new to rebreathers a solid awareness of the key safety factors for diving with rebreathers.

Three years ago today – Friday 18th May 2012 – this film was unveiled at a very important international safety symposium called Rebreather Forum 3. In fact ‘CCR Aware‘ opened #RF3.

Today this film is still pertinent and worth a watch for anyone interested in, or who dives a rebreather.

BSAC Welcomes Youngest Ever National Diving Officer

Sophie Heptonstall, NDO, National Diving Officer, BSAC, British Sub Aqua Club, Ellesmere Port, Dive With Friends, Rosemary E Lunn, Roz Lunn, The Underwater Marketing Company, scuba diving

The British Sub Aqua Club has announced that National Instructor Sophie Heptonstall has been elected BSAC’s NDO (National Diving Officer). She takes over from Jeff Reed who has held this position for the last six years.

Sophie Heptonstall is an active member of Hartford SAC and has been a BSAC member for 16 years. She is well-known on the BSAC Instructor Training Scheme circuit and has spent time on BSAC’s National Diving Committee (NDC), and worked as an Area Coach.

“Thank you to all BSAC members that voted. I am excited about taking on the role of NDO and look forward to encouraging existing members to develop their diving skills further and attracting new members into the BSAC.” Sophie Heptonstall

Heptonstall is an open and closed circuit diver and has an extensive knowledge of the full BSAC Diver Training Programme. She also brings business acumen to the role – she is a marketing professional. Sophie Heptonstall is the third female BSAC NDO and is the youngest BSAC member to take up this position.

Regaldive Seeks Marketing Executive

Regaldive, Marketing vacancy, Rosemary E Lunn, Roz Lunn, The Underwater Marketing Company, Andreas Elia

Regaldive are looking to recruit a Marketing Manager or Marketing Executive, either full or part time. This is an exciting opportunity to join our specialist team. This varied role has wide ranging responsibility across the entire marketing mix. It is a ‘hands on’ position, with overall responsibility for all marketing activity as well as the website. The candidate must be able to work on their own initiative with proven time management and organisational skills. They will take on the role of ‘brand guardian’ to ensure consistency across all marketing materials.

The ideal candidate will be CIM qualified, with previous experience in both on and offline disciplines. Experience in travel marketing and a diving qualification are desirable but not essential. Experience working for smaller companies and an ability to think creatively and resourcefully would be beneficial.

It is highly desired that the right candidate will be experienced enough to ‘hit the ground running’, although a more junior candidate looking to take the next step and develop their career may be considered.

Responsibilities will include:

  • Design & artwork production for print (direct marketing & advertising)
  • E-mail marketing (content creation / copywriting / distribution)
  • SEO and PPC management
  • Social Media management (responsibility for updates of Facebook, Twitter & dive forums)
  • Website updates
  • To liaise and negotiate with tourist boards and partners regarding grants & joint promotions
  • Copy writing (for direct mail, website, e-mails and other promotional material)
  • PR Management

Skills / understanding required:

  • Proficient in Adobe Photoshop and possible knowledge of Adobe In-Design
  • Copywriting
  • E-mail marketing
  • Print production
  • Understanding of SEO
  • PPC campaign
  • Good communication and leadership skills
  • Able negotiator and good listener

The position is full-time (37 hours per week) but a strong candidate who wishes to work reduced hours or job share will be considered. There will be opportunities to visit the destinations Regaldive feature and there are also incentives for discounted travel with Regaldive and our sister companies.

Please apply, with covering letter and C.V to Mr. Andreas Elia by 11 May 2015.

Cow Spring Gets An Upgrade

Cow Spring, NSS-CDS, cave diving, Florida, Amigos Dive Center, Rosemary E Lunn, Roz Lunn, The Underwater Marketing Company

The new changing rooms at Cow Spring

 

Strictly speaking, Cow Spring (located near Peacock Springs State Park in Luraville, Florida) is not a spring at all. It is really an in-line sinkhole which provides diver access to an underground river, that surfaces for the last time at nearby Running Spring.

Cow Spring is an incredibility beautiful system and today it is owned by the NSS-CDS. It is open only to NSS-CDS members and their guests. No open water divers are allowed to access this site.

A couple of weeks ago, a number of volunteers gave up their Saturday and built some great changing rooms. This is a useful improvement to a neat cave diving site. We can’t wait to use it when we are back in Florida.

If you would like to see photos of the whole build, click here.

McCartney Headlines In Liverpool

No, not Paul. Renowned maritime historian, archaeologist and technical diver Dr Innes McCartney will be speaking in Liverpool on Saturday 9th May.

Dr Innes McCartney, SS Andrea Doria, RMS Lusitania, HMHS Britannic, HMS M1, Submarine Historian, Rosemary E Lunn, Roz Lunn, The Underwater Marketing Company, Merseyside Maritime Museum, Otter Drysuits, AP Diving

Respected submarine historian, Dr Innes McCartney

 
Dr McCartney is known for his discovery and archaeological research into shipwrecks including the wrecks of the Battle of Jutland, 1916 and many British and German submarine wrecks. He has contributed to shipwreck documentaries, such as Time Team Special, Deep Wreck Mysteries and Wreck Detectives series. In addition Innes McCartney used archaeological research to identify 40 new German submarine wrecks in the waters around the UK and Ireland, such as the rubbercoated U480.

He initially became interested in shipwreck archaeology when he learned to dive in 1989. In 1994 Innes McCartney became one of Britain’s first Trimix-certified scuba divers and 1998 became the first person to have dived on the three great liner wrecks, SS Andrea Doria, RMS Lusitania and HMHS Britannic. Innes has always been fascinated by submarines, and in 1999 he discovered the 12-inch-gunned submarine HMS M1 off Start Point in the English Channel.

Over the past two decades Innes has focused on researching and locating lost historic shipwrecks and finding innovative methods to interpret his fieldwork.

On Saturday 9th May, Innes will be discussing key aspects of the first U-boat war and exploring some of the U-boat wrecks as they are seen today.

This free event is being hosted at the Merseyside Maritime Museum.

Yes! You Should Still Do Your Rebreather Prebreathe

Beneath The Sea Show, Dr Simon Mitchell, DAN Rolex Diver of the Year, Dr Neal W Pollock, Rosemary E Lunn, Roz Lunn, The Underwater Marketing Company, Pod Diver Radio, Joe Cocozza, rebreather, prebreathe, diving safety

Joe Cocozza (sat to the left) interviews Dr Simon Mitchell on pre breathing a rebreather

 

In July last year I wrote a LinkedIn blog calling for Auckland based divers to take part in a rebreather study that was being conducted by Dr Simon Mitchell and Dr Neal Pollock.

The results of this useful research were first unveiled to the world in September 2014 at EUROTEK, the European Advanced Diving Conference. Dr Simon Mitchell presented ‘The Five Minute Prebreathe: Sensitive Test For CO2 Scrubber Problems Or A Waste Of Time‘ to a packed hall of international delegates.

Since then there is some mixed messaging about should rebreather divers do a prebreathe? Or is it just a waste of time? If you didn’t attend either EUROTEK or OZTek and hear Simon Mitchell’s talk, what should you be doing?

Joe Cocozza of Pod Diver Radio interviewed Dr Simon Mitchell at this year’s Beneath The Sea show about this hot topic.

During the interview Dr Mitchell stated, “this study has been mis-interpreted by some people to suggest that the prebreathe is completely useless. We are not staying that. We absolutely believe that a prebreathe should be still be done for the other reasons. Checking the loop function is correct, adding oxygen and maintaining a set point. These are all critical things.

What we are saying is that you should not do a five minute prebreathe in the expectation that it will reveal any carbon dioxide problems. Or put it another way, if your five minute prebreathe is ok or appears ok from a CO2 point of view you cannot rely on that. That is the point we are making. Of course you should always do a prebreathe.”

To hear this interview in full, click here.

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